Chemistry

when 25.0 mL of a solution containing both Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions is titrated with 23.0 mL of 0.0200 M KMnO4 (in dilute sulfuric acid). As a result, all of the Fe2+ ions are oxidized to Fe3+ ions. Next, the solution is treated with Zn metal to convert all of the Fe3+ ions to Fe2+ ions. Finally, the solution containing only the Fe2+ ions requires 40.0 mL of the same KMnO4 solution for oxidation to Fe3+. Calculate the molar concentrations of Fe2+ and Fe3+ in the original solution

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  1. I had tremendous problems with this question as well, and since I now have the answer, I'll spread the love.

    First, you figure out how many moles of KMnO4 is used for both titrations using the equation

    ---- M=(mol)/(L) ---- (M=Molarity)

    Doing this, you would get the first amount of KMnO4 to be

    (.02M)(.023L)= .00046 mol Fe2+

    and the second to be

    (.02M)(.040L)= .00080 mol Fe2+

    Then, using stoichiometry* and the provided equation
    - 2+ + 2+ 3+
    MnO4 +5Fe +8H -->Mn+ 5Fe + 4H20

    You get .0024mol Fe2+ to begin with and .0040mol Fe2+ to end with.

    To get how many moles of Fe3+, you just subtract .0040-.0023 = .0017mol Fe3+

    Molar Concentration is the same as Molarity, so...

    ----Here's the answer!----
    M Fe2+ = .0023mol/.025L = .092M
    M Fe3+ = .0017mol/.025L = .068M

    *I assume you know how to set up the ratios, but I'll just say that you would use 1mol KMnO4=1mol MnO4 and
    1mol MnO4=5mol Fe2+

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  2. Oops the charges in the equation got messed up so instead:

    MnO4- + 5Fe2+ + 8H+ -> 5Fe3+ + 4H2O

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  3. WRONG. You don't even know how to compute for the number of moles of KMnO4 solution.
    It's not: (.02mol)/(.023L)
    It's: (.02mol)/(1L) X (.023L)
    The Molarity of KMnO4 is 0.02M, hence it's (0.02mol KMnO4/1Liter) then you multiply the given volume to get the actual number of moles. Please review your solution.

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  4. YAAAAAAA !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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