Physics 2

A particle moves along a line where the potential energy of its system depends on its position r as graphed in Figure P8.46. In the limit as r increases without bound, U(r) approaches +1 J. (a) Identify each equilibrium position for this particle. Indicate whether each is a point of stable, unstable or neutral equilibrium. (b) The particle will be bound if the total energy of the system is in what range? Now suppose that the system has energy −3 J. Determine (c) the range of positions where the particle can be found, (d) its maximum kinetic energy, (e) the location where it has maximum kinetic energy, and (f) the binding energy of the system— that is, the additional energy that it would have to be given in order for the particle to move out to r→ ∞ .

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