# Physics

A cylinder with a valve at the bottom is filled with an ideal gas. The valve is now opened and some of the gas escapes slowly. The valve is then closed, after which the piston is observed to be at a lower position. Assume that the system is in thermal equilibrium with the surroundings at all times.

a) Is the final pressure of the gas in the cylinder greater than, less than, or equal to the initial pressure? Explain.

Explain how your answer is consistent with the forces acting on the piston in the initial and final states.

1. 👍 0
2. 👎 0
3. 👁 711
1. The pressure of the gas is determined by the weight of the piston above and the diameter of the cylinder. Neither of these change. So the pressure stays the same.

1. 👍 0
2. 👎 0

## Similar Questions

1. ### physics

A cylinder that has a 40.0 cm radius and is 50.0 cm deep is filled with air at 20.0°C and 1.00 atm. A 21.0 kg piston is now lowered into the cylinder, compressing the air trapped inside. Finally, a 79.0 kg man stands on the

2. ### physics

Two identical containers are open at the top and are connected at the bottom via a tube of negligible volume and a valve which is closed. Both containers are filled initially to the same height of 1.00 m, one with water, the other

3. ### Physics

A rigid tank having a volume of 0.100 m3 contains helium gas at 150 atm. How many balloons can be inflated by opening the valve at the top of the tank? Each filled balloon is a sphere 0.300 m in diameter at an absolute pressure of

4. ### Chemistry

An apparatus consists of a 4.0 dm3 flask containing nitrogen gas at 25 oC and 803 kPa. It is joined by a valve to a 10.0 dm3 flask containing argon gas 25 oC and 47.2 kPa. The valve is opened and the gases mix. i. What is the

1. ### chemistry

Two gases are contained in gas bulbs connected by a valve. Gas A is present in a 56 L bulb at a pressure of 213 torr. Gas B exerts a pressure of 683 torr in a 74 L bulb. What is the partial pressure of gas B after they equilibrate

2. ### Physics

The cylinder in the drawing contains 3.81 mol of an ideal gas. By moving the piston, the volume of the gas is reduced to one-fourth its initial value, while the temperature is held constant. How many moles Δn of the gas must be

3. ### chemistry(total pressure)

Two cylinders at 27C are connected by a closed stopcock ystem. One cyclinder contains 2.4 L of hydrogen gas at o.600 atm; the other cylinder contains 6.8L of helium at 1.40 atm. Assume valve take up no room. what is the total

4. ### Physics

A vertical cylindrical cylinder, closed at the bottom end, contains 0.0100 moles of gas. It is fitted at the top with a piston, which can move freely. The mass of the piston is 14.0 kg and the initial height of the piston above

1. ### Thermodynamics

Consider 2 kg of an ideal gas (R=300 J/(kg.K) and Cp=1000 J/(kgK)) contained in a piston cylinder arrangement. The cylinder has a small valve at the end opposite to the piston.The cylinder walls are not adiabatic and allow heat

2. ### physics

Two identical containers are open at the top and are connected at the bottom via a tube of negligible volume and a valve which is closed. Both containers are filled initially to the same height of 1.00 m, one with water, the other

3. ### Physics

An ideal gas is sealed within a container at a temperature of 17°C and a pressure of 101 kPa. The container is heated until the temperature of the gas reaches100°C. A valve in the container is then opened to allow gas to escape

4. ### Physics

An Ideal gas is sealed within a container at a temperature of 17 degree Celsius and a pressure of 101 KPa. The container is heated until temperature of the gas reaches 100 degree Celsius. A valve in the container is then opened to