spanish

select the correct form for the verb escribir. 1. Dudaba que el principe___
cuentos para ninos. My answer escribia b. escribe c. escribiera d. escribio

2. Elena___ a una conferencia anoches.
a. asistio my answer b. asistia c. asiste d. ha asistido

3. Dudaba que el principe___cuentos para ninos. a. escribia my answer b. escribe c. escribio d. escribiera

  1. 👍 0
  2. 👎 0
  3. 👁 251
asked by Kay
  1. Oh, oh! You have entered the realm of the Subjunctive! It may be dying out in English, but it is alive and well (or SHOULD be) in Spanish ! First of all, you must categorize the main verb, for the dependent verb is totally dependent on that main verb. If you have 2 separate subjects (one in the dependent clause and a different one in the independent clause), see if the main verb is one of 3 kinds.
    1) imposition of will. One person wants another person to do something. Since you can NOT see into the cloudy crystal ball, you can't know IF it will happen or not. THIS dependent verb must be in the Subjunctive.

    Now, if you aren't sure how to FORM the present and/or the Imperfect or Past Subjunctive, ASK. Only pretty much in newspapers will you see the Future Subjunctive, so don't worry about it.

    2. Is the main verb one of emotion = one person is angry, sad, glad, etc. about something someone else MAY or MIGHT do, the dependent verb will be in the Subjunctive (in other words the main verb is "subjective" you might say)

    3. Is the main verb one of doubt, uncertainty about another event? Then the dependent verb also is in the Subjunctive.

    Next item of business: The main verb is in the present, future the Subjunctive is the Present. BUT if the main verb is in the past: Imperfect, Preterit, Conditional, the Subjunctive is in the PAST or Imperfect Subjunctive.

    (present with present BUT past with past)

    Now the Subjunctive is what I call "the thinking person's tense" so see if you can classify the main verb as 1, 2, or 3 and the sequence of tense as present or past.

    1. Dudaba = 3) a verb of coubt in the past tense. You are looking for the Past or Imperfect Subjunctive (escribiera)

    2. Indicative here - no Subjunctive. a) asistió = Preterit, DID attend, b) asistía = Imperfect, WAS attendING or c) asiste = Present, IS attendING or d) ha asistido - Present Perfect, HAS attendED. Hopefully you selected a?

    3. Main verb is 3) one of doubt and it is past tense so hunt for the Past/Imperfect Subjunctive. (there are 2 forms - the -se form which is pretty, flowery but harder to pronounce and the -ra form which is easier to say so most often for orally (as opposed to literary). I can not tell WHAT you selected, but the answer is d.

    Now, feel free to ask any questions whatsoever! In addition to what I have explained here for you, there are MANY adverbs of "time" which require the Subjunctive. There are 5 you can memorize and then you will get a feeling for the others.

    Imagine the crystal ball. Can you clearly see that it IS happening, HAS happened, WILL happen for sure, used to happen, etc. = Indicative (no Subjunctive at all). If it is CLOUDY and you can not tell for certain whether it MIGHT (past subjunctive) or MAY (present subjunctive.

    Another difficulty in translating from Spanish to English is that the Subjunctive can sound like: an infinitive, the present tense, the perfect tense, the past, future, conditional, etc. BUT THE RULES ARE THE RULES!

    Sra

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0

Respond to this Question

First Name

Your Response

Similar Questions

  1. Spanish

    Can you please help me with this question. 1.Select the correct form for the verb escribir: He doubted the prince wrote stories for children. Dudaba que el principe __ cuentos para ninos A.escribe B.escribia C.escribiera

    asked by anon on March 26, 2011
  2. Spanish

    Complete each sentence with the correct form of the appropriate verb. Each verb will be used only once. hacer beber escribir compartir vender 1.Tú siempre agua después de correr. 2. Yo siempre la tarea después de las clases. 3.

    asked by Bobby on May 11, 2011
  3. Spanish

    It would be nice if someone could help me with this. This is what I'm working on: Command form(imperative mood)-plural I'm filling in the blanks with the polite plural command of the verb in parentheses: -----------(ir) a la

    asked by John on May 8, 2008
  4. Spanish

    It would be nice if someone could help me with this. This is what I'm working on: Command form(imperative mood)-plural I'm filling in the blanks with the polite plural command of the verb in parentheses:Ok. Now I actually did the

    asked by John on May 9, 2008
  5. spanish Homework

    The directions say... Complete the following sentences with the correct preterit form of the logical verb in parentheses. Here I have listen 3 out of the 15 questions. I am not really sure what the directions are asking me to do.

    asked by Michael on March 10, 2015
  6. Spanish: Please check answers

    Please check my answers. The nswers are at the bottom. 3. Fill in the blank with the correct form of the verb: yo/dormir. yo _________ 4. Fill in the blank with the correct form of the verb: ella/devolver. ella _________ 5. Fill

    asked by Cassie on February 25, 2013
  7. Spanish

    escribe un plan para comer al aire libre. usa mandatos formales plurales para decirles a tus amigos lo que debe hacer. no te olvides de escribir todas las cosas que necesitan para hacer una parrillada. I'm stuck. I know to do the

    asked by Anonymous on September 17, 2008
  8. spanish

    "Sabe Ud. dónde puedo encontrar las faldas?" "Sí, señora. _____ está en el tercer piso, al lado del ascensor." a. La ropa para damas b. La ropa para caballeros c. El maquillaje d. La ropa para niños A?--ladie's wear

    asked by y912f on May 9, 2009
  9. Language arts

    How do you form the perfect tense of a verb? A.Use the Helping verb will and the base form of the verb. B.Use a form of the verb be and the last particle of the verb C.Use a form of the verb have and the present participle of the

    asked by Misty on October 17, 2014
  10. English Grammar

    Correct the incorrect verb form. Write the correct verb form in the space provided. Identify any sentence as correct. Bob speeded up his car when he saw the light turn yellow. would this be correct or would it be sped?

    asked by Sarah on January 28, 2011

More Similar Questions