Ms. Sue (Health)

I have already put what I think are the correct answers. I was wondering if you could help me again like you did that last time. I REALLY appreciate your feedback.

1- The process of breaking a complex
substance down into smaller
components is called?

A- neutralization
B- metabolism
C- anabolism
D- catabolism

Answer- C

2- An approach to skin cancer treatment
would involve surgery, either alone
or combined with?

A- chemotherapy
B- topical corticosteroids
C- oral antibiotics
D- anti-melanin medications

Answer- A

3- Which one of the following compounds
is an organic molecule?

A- Table salt (NaCI)
B- Hair and nails
C- Capillaries and nerve fibers
D- The subcutaneous layer of the skin

Answer- B

4- Where are keratinized cells found in
the body?

A- sweat and sebaceous glands
B- hair and nails
C- capillaries and nerve fibers
D- the subcutaneous layer of the skin

Answer- B

5- What are the constituents of DNA?

A- Proteins and sugars
B- Sugars, phosphates, and nitrogenous
bases
C- Sugars and lipids
D- Lipids, nitrogenous bases, and
proteins

Answer- C

6- Structurally, what is the difference
between the dermis and the epidermis?

A- the epidermis is thicker
B- the dermis contains more types of
tissue
C- the dermis is made mostly of dead
cells
D- the epidermis consists of mostly
adipose cells

Answer- C

7- Normal urine is _________, as
indicated by its pH value?

A- slightly alkaline
B- neutral
C- slightly acidic
D- extremely alkaline

Answer- C

8- A dog bites a large chunk of flesh
from a man's leg. The large, open
wound will likely heal by the
process of?

A- scab formation
B- primary repair
C- granulation
D- secondary graft

Answer- B

9- A cell digests proteins through a
_________ process?

A- lysosomal
B- phagocytotic
C- mitotic
D- perioxisomal

Answer- B

10- The function of smooth muscle is to
provide?

A- cushioning around the joints
B- involuntary movement
C- rapid contractions
D- skeletal support

Answer- D

11- Which one of the following
processes is achieved through
osmosis?

A- a cube of sugar dissolving in coffee
B- particles of oxygen filling the lungs
C- transport of proteins from the
endoplasmic reticulum to the Golgi
apparatus
D- water moving across the cell membrane

Answer- C

12- Which one of the following is an
example of epithelial tissue?

A- aponeuroses
B- subcutaneous skin layer
C- lining of the digestive tract
D- larynx

Answer- C

13- Which one of the following is a
consequence of cell specialization?

A- the cells can reproduce more rapidly
B- the cells may lose the ability to
perform other functions
C- the cells are less likely to become
cancerous
D- the cells become more self-sufficient

Answer- A

14- A 72-year-old man is diagnosed with
a 7cm primary tumor in his colon,
which has spread to the liver.
Which of the following features
indicates that the tumor is
malignant?

A- the patient's advanced age
B- the location of the primary tumor
C- the spreading of the tumor
D- the size of the tumor

Answer- D

15- The full set of genes that make up
an organism is called its?

A- genome
B- chromosome
C- clone
D- map

Answer- A

16- A patient admitted to the hospital
for sun stroke, requiring hydration
with intravenous fluid, will most
likely be given a/an ________
solution.

A- hypotonic
B- hypertonic
C- osmosis
D- isotonic

Answer- D

17- Which one of the following groups
of tissue types is found in blood
vessels?

A- connective, muscle, and nervous
tissues
B- muscle and nervous tissues
C- connective, epithelial, and nervous
tissues
D- epithelial and muscle tissues

Answer- A

18- In diffusion, movement of particles
across a membrane is driven by
differences in?

A- force
B- concentration
C- size
D- shape

Answer- A

19- A 22-year-old man is stabbed in the
chest. Which organ systems are
most likely to be directly injured?

A- nervous and circulatory systems
B- respiratory and reproductive systems
C- digestive and endocrine systems
D- respiratory and circulatory systems

Answer- D

20- Amino acids that you obtain from
eating foods are classified as?

A- essential
B- facilitated
C- extracellular
D- inorganic

Answer- A

21- The function of the respiratory
system closely overlaps with that
of the ________ system.

A- excretory
B- skeletal
C- endocrine
D- integumentary

Answer- A

22- Chromosomes can be seen only during?

A- active transport
B- cell division
C- meiosis
D- neutralization

Answer- B

23- Combining a base and an acid forms?

A- DNA and gas
B- ions
C- sodium hydroxide
D- salt and water

Answer- D

24- Lying by the pool on a sunny day
will produce an increase in the
protein?

A- melanin
B- keratin
C- sebum
D- collagen

Answer- A

25- Glucose is the main source of cell
energy, but any glucose that can't
be used immediately is stored for
future use as?

A- galactose
B- fat
C- glycogen
D- carbohydrates

Answer- B

26- Treatment for a carbuncle involves?

A- topical antibacterial cream
B- hydrocortisone injections
C- surgical drainage and oral
antibiotics
D- griseofulvin and moisturizers

Answer- B

27- A 67-year-old patient suffering
from profound memory loss and
confusion may be evaluated for
suspected Alzheimer's disease.
What medical imaging technique may
be used for this evaluation?

A- position emission tomography
B- magnetic resonance imaging
C- computed axial tomography
D- ultrasound imaging

Answer- C

28- Which one of the following
processes is performed by the
endocrine system?

A- transport of hormones to muscles
B- breakdown of hormones into simpler
molecules
C- secretion of hormones from cells
D- excretion of hormones from the body

Answer- A

29- A wart is an example of a/an?

A- papule
B- nodule
C- ulcer
D- bulla

Answer- D

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