Chemistry

If the yield from the reaction of acetic acid with isopentyl alcohol is 45% how many grams of isopentyl acetate are formed from 3.58g of acetic acid and 4.75g of isopentyl alcohol?

  1. 👍
  2. 👎
  3. 👁
  1. 1. Write the equation and balance it.
    2a. Convert 3.58 g acetic acid to moles. moles = grams/molar mass
    2b. Convert 4.75 g isopentyl alcohol to mols. Same procedure.

    3a. Using the coefficients in the balanced equation, convert moles acetic acid to moles of the product.
    3b. Same procedure, convert moles isopentyl alcohol to moles of the product.
    3c. It is likely that moles of the product will be different from 3a and 3b. Obviously, one of them is incorrect. The correct one in limiting reagent problem is ALWAYS the smaller one and the reagent providing that number is the limiting reagent.
    4. Convert moles of the product from step 3c to grams. Grams = moles x molar mass.
    5. The grams in step 4 is the theoretical yield (meaning that is what you would get if you had 100% efficiency. The problem states that the yield is 45%; therefore, multiply the theoretical yield by 0.45. That is the amount of the product at 45% yield.

    1. 👍
    2. 👎

Respond to this Question

First Name

Your Response

Similar Questions

  1. science

    Which acid-base chemical reaction is irreversible?(1 point) strong acid added to water water on its own weak base added to water weak acid added to water Hydrochloric acid is a strong acid. Acetic acid is a weak acid. Which

  2. organic chemistry

    Why is it easier to remove excess acetic acid from isopentyl acetate than excess isopentyl alcohol? Sodium Bicarbonate is added but the question doesn't say anything about it.

  3. Chemistry

    Pure acetic acid, known as glacial acetic acid, is a liquid with a density of 1.049 g/mL at 25°C. Calculate the molarity of a solution of acetic acid made by dissolving 35.00 mL of glacial acetic acid at 25°C in enough water to

  4. science

    Hydrochloric acid is a strong acid. Acetic acid is a weak acid. Which statement about hydrochloric acid and acetic acid is correct?(1 point) The dissociation constant for hydrochloric acid is greater than the dissociation constant

  1. Chemistry

    Complete the following acid-base reaction with balanced molecular, total ionic and net ionic equations: calcium hydroxide (aq) + acetic acid (aq) ----> ? I know that calcium hydroxide is ca(OH)2 and that acetic acid is CH3COOH. I

  2. Chemistry

    2. Why is it easier to remove excess acetic acid from the products than excess isopentyl alcohol?

  3. chem-acid-base titrations

    Acetic acid (HC2H3O2) is an important component of vinegar. A 10.00mL sample of vinegar is titrated with .5052 M NaOH, and 16.88 mL are required to neutralize the acetic acid that is present. a.write a balanced equation for this

  4. Chemistry

    Pure acetic acid, known as glacial acetic acid, is a liquid with a density of 1.049 g/mL at 25°C. Calculate the molarity of a solution of acetic acid made by dissolving 10.00 mL of glacial acetic acid at 25°C in enough water to

  1. chemistry

    Asprin, C9H8O4, is prepared by reacting salicylic acid, C7H6O3, with acetic anhydride, C4H6O3, in the reaction C7H6O3(s) + C4H6O3(l) -> C9H8O4(s) + C2H4O2(l) A student is told to prepare 45.0 g of aspirin. She is also told to use

  2. chem

    Aspirin, C9H8O4, is produced from salicylic acid, C7H6O3, and acetic anhydride, C4H6O3: C7H6O3 + C4H6O3 --> C9H8O4 + HC2H3O2 a. How much salicylic acid is required to produce 1.5 x 10^2 kg of aspirin, assuming that all of the

  3. Chemistry

    Aspirin is prepared by heating salicylic acid, C7H6O3, with acetic anhydride, C4H603. The other product produced is acetic acid, C2H402. C7H6O3+C4H6)3->C9H8O4+C2H4O2 What is the theoretical yield in grams of aspirin, C9H8O4, when

  4. chemistry - synthesis of aspirin

    wanted to calculate the theoretical and actual yield of aspirin. mass of salicylic acid = 2.005 g But isn't salicylic acid differ. from acetic acid? If so, how do we find the mass of acetic acid in this experiment volume of acetic

You can view more similar questions or ask a new question.