Chemistry

The density of an aqueous solution containing 10% of ethanol (C2H5OH) by mass is 0.984 g/ml.

A) Calculate the molality of this solution.

B) Calculate its molarity.

C) What volume of the solution would contain 0.125 mol of ethanol.

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  1. 10% means 10 g EtOH/100 g solution which is 10 g EtOH/(10 g EtOH + 90 g water).

    A. 10 g is how many moles? moles = grams/molar mass.
    m = moles/kg solvent.
    Substitute moles from above. kg solvent is 0.090 kg.

    B. molarity = moles/L soln.
    moles you have from above.
    The 10% soln has a mass of 100 grams. Use the density to convert 100 g to volume (which will be in mL), then convert to L and divide moles/L to arrive at molarity.

    C. M x L = 0.125. You have M, solve for L.

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  2. Thank you!

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