French-Notes

The unit which I'm on right now focuses on different types of clothing found in diiferent types of stores. I'm having difficulties on some parts of this unit and would like clarification. Notes would be helpful. My chapter's title is On fait les magasins. In this chapter I have learned to express likes and dislikes. Agree and disagree. Express need. Express intentions. Invite. Inquire about and compare prices. Ask for information. Give information. Ask someone to repeat. Choose and purchase items. One main part I am having complications on is the Position of Adjectives. I have some notes on them, but would like to have more. The notes are below.

Position of Adjectives:
In French, adjectives usually follow the nouns they describe.

Donnez-moi une boisson(chaude).
Je voudrais un café(noir).
Mario est un serveur(italian).

Some frequently used adjectives precede the nouns they describe. These adjectives often express beauty, age, number, goodness, and size. I would love to have more notes.

  1. 👍
  2. 👎
  3. 👁
  1. Unlike English, most descriptive adjectives in French follow the noun they modify. Some short descriptigve adjectives that usually precede the noun are:
    beau, bon, court, gentil, grand, gros, jeune, joli, long, mauvais, nouveau, petit, vieux, vilain

    those are only the masculine singular forms, but don't forget an adjective modifies the noun(s) in gender (masculine or feminine) and in number (singular or plural.)

    Other common adjectives that precede the noun are: autre, chaque, dernier, plusieurs, premier, quelque, quelques, tel, tout

    The adjecive "tout" precedes the definite article:
    toute la maison
    tous les animaux

    Certain French adjectives have TWO or more meanings. In their usual position, AFTER the noun, they have their literal meaning. BEFORE the noun, they ave a different meaning.

    un ancien livre = an old (ancient) book
    une ancienne coutume = a former custom

    un garçon brave = a brave boy
    un brave garçon = a fine (good, worthy) boy

    une étoffe chère = an expensive material
    un cher ami = a dear friend (esteemed, cherished)

    la semaine dernière = last week (just passed)
    la dernière semaine = the last week (of a series)

    un auteur méchant = a spiteful (wicked, vicious, ill-natured) author
    un méchant auteur = a bad (pitiful, inept) author
    un méchant garçon = a bad (naughty) boy

    la chose même = the very thing
    la même chose = the same thing

    mes gants propres = my clean gloves
    mes propres gants = my own gloves

    un homme seul = a man alone, a single man (by himself)
    le seul homme = the only man

    If you keep these lists, adjectives will be easier!

    Sra (aka Mme)

    1. 👍
    2. 👎
  2. thanks Sra, your notes helped me understand about adjectives much more better. I'm going to keep these notes with me forever.

    1. 👍
    2. 👎

Respond to this Question

First Name

Your Response

Similar Questions

  1. World History

    Before farming began, how did people dress? A. They bred silkworms to make cloth for clothing B. They made clothing from plant materials like cotton and flax C. They used thread or yarn made from sheep or yak hair to make clothing

  2. AP Geography

    Help please Which statement BEST describes the difference between arithmetic density and agricultural density? My answer- A. Agricultural density focuses on people, and arithmetic density focuses on math. B. Agricultural density

  3. math

    Solve the problem. A shirt company has 4 designs that can be made with short or long sleeves. There are 5 color patterns available. How many different types of shirts are available from this company? a. 9 types b. 40 types c. 11

  4. calc

    Consider the vector function given below. r(t) = 7t, 3 cos t, 3 sin t (a) Find the unit tangent and unit normal vectors T(t) and N(t). i found T(t) but I can't get N(t)

  1. college physics

    A certain person's eye measures 24.0 mm from the pupil to retina. (a) If we treat the eye's lens as a thin lens, what is its focal length when the person focuses on a pencil 44.3 cm from the eye? (b) While the person focuses on

  2. Chemistry

    A dime is found to have a mass of 2.33 grams. Using unit analysis, show what the mass of this dime is in kilograms. 2.33 grams x ________ _______ (number) (unit) ________________________________________________ ________ ________

  3. Math

    How many different combinations can you make with 3 types of ice cream, 2 types of sauce and 2 types of toppings?

  4. LA

    Read the excerpt from the poem "Barbara Frietchie.” In her attic window the staff she set, To show that one heart was loyal yet. Up the street came the rebel tread, Stonewall Jackson riding ahead. Which best describes the

  1. science

    What type of map is this? geologic map. Are there any faults on the map? If so, what types? Around Salt Lake, what is the geologic age of the area and what type of geologic unit is found there? South of Richfield, what type of

  2. Science

    What types of bonds are found in CH3CH2CH2Br?

  3. Algebra

    Gymnast Clothing manufactures expensive soccer cleats for sale to college bookstores in runs of up to 500. Its cost (in dollars) for a run of x pairs of cleats is C(x) = 3000 + 9x + 0.1x2 (0 ≤ x ≤ 500). Gymnast Clothing sells

  4. Math Help!!!

    In this unit, you learned about different types of numbers that make up real numbers. Note the different types of numbers and provide two examples of each. Which of the number types is easiest for you to identify? Why?

You can view more similar questions or ask a new question.