what are the differences between...

to wake and to awaken?


to rouse and to arouse?

Here are two discussions of the usage of these words.

awake, awaken, wake (up): awake is usually an adjective: "I am awake." Awaken is always a verb, either transitive ("A noise awakened me") or intransitive ("At dawn I awakened"). Awaken is more formal than wake up. The word up is often unnecessary: "I woke at dawn."
They have different meanings. Arise is to become, arouse is to stimulate. I find that the American Heritage dictionary and the Cambridge Dictionaries are good sources for sample sentences.





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