english

what are the differences between...

to wake and to awaken?

AND

to rouse and to arouse?


Here are two discussions of the usage of these words.

awake, awaken, wake (up): awake is usually an adjective: "I am awake." Awaken is always a verb, either transitive ("A noise awakened me") or intransitive ("At dawn I awakened"). Awaken is more formal than wake up. The word up is often unnecessary: "I woke at dawn."
They have different meanings. Arise is to become, arouse is to stimulate. I find that the American Heritage dictionary and the Cambridge Dictionaries are good sources for sample sentences.

http://www.bartleby.com/61/25/A0422500.html
http://dictionary.cambridge.org/define.asp?key=arise*1+0&dict=A

http://www.bartleby.com/61/45/A0434500.html
http://dictionary.cambridge.org/define.asp?key=arouse*1+0&dict=A

"

thank-you

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