Why is this Checks and Balances, Judicial and federalism?

1. A state law requires that a prayer be said each day in public schools. The courts rule that the law violates a First Amendment clause that prohibits the government from establishing a religion

Why is this Checks and Balances?

2. The U.S. Congress passes a law requiring that Supreme Court sessions be televised.

Why is this separation of power and judicial review?

3. Because a prison is very old and overcrowded, a state court orders the state legislature to spend $100 million on a new prison.

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