Read the passage.
Oceans and seas can act as a heat reservoir to regulate climates. They can absorb great quantities of heat in the summer, with very little temperature change. In the winter, oceans and seas release the heat. This is the main reason why coastal climates are milder compared to inland climates.

Which choice correctly explains this phenomenon?

the high heat of vaporization of water caused by nonpolar bonds

the high freezing point of water caused by the strength of its covalent bonds

the high boiling point of water caused by hydrogen bonding

the high specific heat of water caused by hydrogen bonding

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