Volcano Forms New Pacific Island
Angela Antrim

1NORTHERN PACIFIC OCEAN—Scientists have discovered a new, currently unnamed island in the northern Pacific Ocean. The small island is located in an isolated area between Hawaii and the Marshall Islands. Scientists believe that an erupting volcano formed the island. The new land mass measures roughly two square miles and rises nearly ten feet above sea level.

2Islands form when magma inside the earth spills onto the earth’s surface. Once magma hits the planet’s surface, it is called lava. The erupted lava then cools and hardens to form rocks and land. Scientists believe the volcano that created this new island has been erupting under the ocean for hundreds of years. Nevertheless, the lava has only recently risen above the water’s surface to form land. Scientists think the new island will expand as the volcano continues to erupt.

3The theory of plate movement informs scientists’ knowledge of volcanoes. Scientists believe the earth’s crust consists of eight major, as well as dozens of minor, pieces of land called plates. These plates float on a sea of magma that flows under the earth’s surface. The plates’ movements cause continents to shift and mountains to form. They are also responsible for earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

1. What is the purpose of this article?
A) to inform *****
B) to convince
C) to persuade
D) to entertain

2. Which statement BEST reflects the author's purpose in writing this passage?
A) The author's purpose is to inform the reader about how a new Pacific island was formed.*****
B) The author's purpose is to entertain readers by making them laugh at life on a new Pacific island.
C) The author's purpose is to entertain the reader by discussing possible uses for a new Pacific island.
D) The author's purpose is to describe the various plants and animals that can be found on a new Pacific island.

  1. 👍
  2. 👎
  3. 👁
  1. Both your answers are right.

    1. 👍
    2. 👎
    Ms. Sue
  2. A & A

    1. 👍
    2. 👎

Respond to this Question

First Name

Your Response

Similar Questions

  1. Science

    1. Which kind of data is used to make a sonar map of the ocean floor? A. the amount of spreading that occurs on the ocean floor B. the time it takes an underwater vehicle to reach the ocean floor C. the amount of light that

  2. Science

    What was unknown to scientists during Wegener’s time?(1 point) Earth’s crust is made of plates that move. Mountain ranges of some continents lined up. The coasts of some continents fit together. Fossils were found in many

  3. Science

    Which statement describes the locations of Earths volcanoes? A. They tend to form along plate boundaries. B. They tend to form along the Eastern coasts of continents. C. They tend to form in areas where Earth's crust is thin. D.

  4. science

    volcanoes change earth's surface quick check ( please help!! ) Which feature provides evidence that a volcano existed in the past? A. calderas B. rivers C. valleys D. mountains What are the Palisades? A. a set of islands formed

  1. Earth Science

    1. Which provides the most direct source of energy for a hurricane?(1 point) A warm ocean water B heating of the air by the sun C friction with the ground D rising, swirling winds 2. How does upwelling affect the weather of a

  2. history

    Which are true of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch? (Select all that apply.) a. It's made up of tiny bits of plastic b. It's spread out over different regions of the Pacific Ocean c. It's possibly twice the size of the continental

  3. geography

    Name the four oceans in order of size, largest to smallest. My answer- Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, and Arctic Ocean. If I am wrong will you please give me a web site I can go to for the answer. I do not have a

  4. Minnesota Studies

    What did scientists modeling the ocean floor observe that indicates that the Pacific Ocean is becoming smaller? a. spreading b. plates floating on the mantle c. subduction d. continental drift PLEASE HELP A.S.A.P!

  1. Science

    Identify the ways in which a rooftop garden can reduce the heat absorbed, compared to an asphalt roof. Select the three correct answers.(2 points) Unlike asphalt, soil is not black. Soil holds water that would have run off the

  2. World History

    How has the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) helped Asian countries? APEC facilitates trade between Pacific Rim nations by promoting a single currency to eliminate exchange rates. APEC reduces trade barriers and promotes

  3. English

    The author's purpose is to inform the reader. Which statement best demonstrates this intent? a. a verdant rain-forest rises out of the ocean to snow capped peaks. b. Scholars are not sure about the legend but do speculate that the

  4. Spanish

    Which two bodies of water border Central America? A. Atlantic Ocean and Caribbean Sea B. Pacific and Indian Oceans** C. Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea Can you check my answers.

You can view more similar questions or ask a new question.