Social Studies

Upper and Lower Egypt

Long, long ago, Egypt was divided. There were two kingdoms in Egypt. They were called Upper Egypt
and Lower Egypt. Lower Egypt was the land around the mouth of the Nile River in northern Egypt. Upper
Egypt was in the south.
It is believed that Meni, or Menes in the Greek language, was a king of Upper Egypt. Some say that
Menes was also called Aha. He is believed to have conquered Lower Egypt around 3100 B.C. This would
have made him the first king or pharaoh to control all of Egypt. This time in Egypt's history is known as
the 1st Dynasty.
Experts are not sure that Menes really existed. Some believe that the first king was named Narmer.
Some believe Menes and Narmer were the same man. Others disagree. Whoever the first pharaoh was,
we know that Ancient Egypt had 31 dynasties. The 1st Dynasty began around 3100 B.C. when Upper and
Lower Egypt were united. The 31st Dynasty ended in 332 B.C.
Egypt's dynasties are grouped into three major time periods. Each time period is called a kingdom. The
three kingdoms are the Old Kingdom, the Middle Kingdom, and the New Kingdom. However, not all of
the 31 dynasties fall into one of the three kingdoms. There are gaps in between. The gaps were often
times of trouble for Egypt.

The question is:
Lower Egypt probably got its name because ______.
A. The river's water was lower in that part of the land.
B. The land around the mouth of a river is lower in elevation than surrounding land.
C. It is found on the lower part of a map.

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asked by May
  1. This question can be confusing.

    The Nile River begins south of Egypt and flows north into the Mediterranean Sea. Of course, water flows down hill so the Mediterranean is LOWER than the region south of Egypt. Lower Egypt is lower in elevation than the rest of Egypt.

  2. Yes, I don't understand either

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    posted by May
  3. I explained the right answer to you.

  4. Hi, in answer to you're response the Nile River is south of Egypt, and goes north in the Mediterranean Sea. Also, water flows down hill so the Mediterranean sea is bigger than the region south of Egypt.

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