Chemistry

What specific evidence from the gold foil experiement led Rutherford to come to each of the following conclusions?

The nucleus occupies very little space in the atom.

Answer:He shot alpha particles through thin sheet of gold and discovered some were deflected

An atom is made of mostly empty space.

Answer:From his metal foil experiments

The nucleus is positively charged

Answer:Used alpha particles to bounce off atoms and they are positively charged

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  1. What specific evidence from the gold foil experiement led Rutherford to come to each of the following conclusions?
    I would not have answered as you did. You may mean the same thing I'm writing but I think it's better said.

    The nucleus occupies very little space in the atom.

    Answer:He shot alpha particles through thin sheet of gold and discovered some were deflected
    Thousands of alpha particles were shot through the foil but only a few were deflected.

    An atom is made of mostly empty space.

    Answer:From his metal foil experiments
    Most of the alpha particles went through the fol as if there were no foil present.

    The nucleus is positively charged

    Answer:Used alpha particles to bounce off atoms and they are positively
    Alpha particles are positively charged. If the nucleus were
    positively charged the alpha particle would be deflected (as observed). If the nucleus were negatively charged, the alpha particle would have been attracted(it wasn't).

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