Math

The blood vascular system consists of blood vessels (arteries, arterioles, capillaries, and veins) that convey blood from the heart to the organs and back to the heart. This system should work so as to minimize the energy expended by the heart in pumping the blood. In particular, this energy is reduced when the resistance of the blood is lowered. One of Poiseuille's Laws gives the resistance R of the blood as
R=C(L/r^2)
where L is the length of the blood vessel, r is the radius, and C is a positive constant determined by the viscosity of the blood. (Poiseuille established this law experimentally, but it also follows from Equation 8.4.2.) The figure shows a main blood vessel with radius r branching at an angle into a smaller vessel with radius s. (Note in your answers use t instead of and r and s respectively instead of and .)

(a) Use Poiseuille's Law to find the total resistance of the blood along the path ABC where a and b are the distances shown in the figure. (Your answer may depend on a, b, C, r, s, and t.)
(c) Find the optimal branching angle when the radius of the smaller blood vessel is 3/3 the radius of the larger vessel. =

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