Probability

A fair, 6-sided die is rolled 6 times independently. Assume that the results of the different rolls are independent. Let (a1,…,a6) denote a typical outcome, where each ai belongs to {1,…,6}.

Find the probability that the results of the 6 rolls are all different. (Answer with at least 3 decimal digits.)

For any outcome ω=(a1,…,a6), let R(ω) be the set {a1,…,a6}; this is the set of numbers that showed up at least once in the different rolls. For example, if ω=(2,2,5,2,3,5), then R(ω)={2,3,5}.

Find the probability that R(ω) has exactly two elements. (Answer with at least 3 decimal digits.)

Find the probability that R(ω) has exactly three elements.

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  1. 1. 6 different rolls =
    6/6*5/6*4/6*3/6*2/6*1/6

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  2. 2. 155/7776

    3. 25/108

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  3. can you clarify the answer please

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  4. These are wrong

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  5. Solution of question 2:
    (15*((2^6)-2))/(6^6)=0.0199
    Hints: See this problem as a binary string. For example, fix a set {1,2}, then consider them as binary string {0,1}. So we know that 2^6 possible outcomes exist, which 2 out of them are {000000} and {111111}. Finally, (2^6)-2 outcomes can be possible for the set {1,2} as well as binary set {0,1}. As a result, 15 sets can be made each of which has (2^6)-2.

    Solution of question 3:
    20*(3^6-3*(2^6))=0.230.
    Hints: It's the same as second problem. There are 3^6 possible outcomes for each three members-set which 3*(2^6) outcomes can't be considered for this problem. Thus, we can make 20 three members-sets each of which can be ordered in (3^6-3*(2^6)) ways.
    Note that sample space is 6^6.

    Best Regards, N-F.

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  6. Solution of question 3:
    Thanks to Nima for the clarification. I think he forgot to take into account the one set consisting of 3's only, i.e {333333}, which is accounted for by the -1 in this formula. Th answer is practically the same:

    20*(3^6-3*(2^6)-1)=0.2298.

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  7. @Hamzeh
    I think the right answer is:
    20*(3^6-2*3*(2^6)-3)=1335/5832=0/2289

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