government

Which statement BEST describes the philosophy of Sir Robert Filmer?

A.

Kings derive their power from the consent of their subjects.


B.

Kings have a divine right to absolute authority over their subjects.


C.

Government’s principle duty is to protect the individual rights of citizens.


D.

Government’s principle duty is to enforce the rule of law.

John Locke would have agreed with all of the following statements EXCEPT:






A.

Government should be accountable to the people it governs.


B.

A government should protect people’s natural rights to life, liberty, and property.


C.

A government should have limited power so that it does not infringe on the rights of its citizens.


D.

Government should have the authority to suppress the will of its citizens if it deems it to be crucial to society.


All of the following statements about the Declaration of Independence are TRUE except:




A.

It was called "an expression of the American mind."


B.

It was a document in which the colonists declared their freedom from Britain.


C.

It divided power between the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of the government.


D.

It stated that people have the right to overthrow their government when their basic rights are being violated.


All of the following statements about state constitutions are TRUE except:




A.

They were deemed more important than a national government.


B.

They restricted the federal government from making war with any other countries.


C.

They enumerated rights and listed what the government was restricted from doing.


D.

They included divided powers between the legislative, executive, and judicial branches.

The Declaration of Independence was significant in the creation of the Constitution for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:




A.

the concept of unalienable rights


B.

the concept of a unicameral legislature


C.

the concept of equality and right to citizen participation


D.

the concept of government power residing with the governed



Which statement about the “divine right of kings” theory is FALSE?




A.

Its followers viewed kings as the fathers of society.


B.

Its adherents believed that government was critical to the “Great Chain of Being.”


C.

It held that submission to the patriarchal authority was the key to political obligation.


D.

Its followers believed that governments should be modeled after the ancient Greek and Roman governments.

Which document expresses that people are entitled to the free exercise of religion?



A.

the English Bill of Rights


B.

the Mayflower Compact


C.

the Virginia Declaration of Rights


D.

the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut


Which statement BEST explains why the “divine right of kings” theory conflicted with the idea of a social contract?


A.

The divine right of kings theory bound people to a religion, which, according to Rousseau and Locke, went against natural law.


B.

Social contracts required the consent of every individual in society, which meant kings had to obey the will of the majority.


C.

Because divine right of kings awarded absolute power to monarchs as leaders of society, there could not be a true consent of the people.


D.

As a purely Catholic idea, the divine right of kings theory conflicted with the Protestant theory of a social contract.

Which statement BEST describes the philosophy of John Locke?


A.

There is no need for government since natural law will ensure that humanity continues to progress.


B.

Governments should have separation of powers to ensure their citizens retain the greatest possible liberty.


C.

Monarchies, because of their divine blessings, ensure that civilization progresses to its maximum potential.


D.

Because they should be accountable to the people, governments must protect the natural rights of its citizens or else be overthrown

The Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights share which of these important characteristics?



A.

They both limit the power of monarchs.


B.

They both protect against excessive punishment.


C.

They both guarantee representative government.


D.

They both list certain rights of the English people.

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