Chemistry

Elemental calcium is produced by the electrolysis of molten CaCl2.

a) What mass of calcium can be produced by this process if a current of 7.5 * 10^3 A is applied for 48h? Assume that the electrolytic cell is 68% efficient.

b) What is he minimum voltage needed to cause the electrolysis?

  1. 👍 0
  2. 👎 0
  3. 👁 2,795
  1. Coulombs = amperes x seconds
    Convert 48 hr to seconds and that x 7500.
    That number is close to 173,000 but you should get a better number and that x 7500 = about 1.3E9 C.
    96,485 coulombs will plate out 40/2 = 20 g Ca.
    So you should be able to plate
    20 x 1.3E9/96,485 = g Ca at 100% efficiency. That x 0.68 corrects for not being 100%.

    2. Look in the tables and find voltage for Cl and voltage for Ca. The larger is the one you want(ignore the sign).

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  2. m=0182.65kg

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    2. 👎 1
  3. 152.207Kg

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    2. 👎 1
  4. i take F =6500 HENCE ANSWER=152.207KG

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  5. F=96500

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  6. m=183.24kg

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