french

I am getting confused with depuis, pendant and il y a. Can anybody clarify when to use which?

  1. 👍 0
  2. 👎 0
  3. 👁 119
asked by french
  1. Thank you for using the Jiskha Homework Help Forum. A good French--->English/English--->French dictionary is invaluable.

    depuis = can be an adverb meaning "since" or a preposition meaning "since, for.) It is used in expressions such as "I have been in Paris for 3 days = Je suis à Paris depuis trois jours. OR in expressions such as "from Monday to Friday" = depuis lundi jusqu'à vendredi.

    Then there is the Present Tense used with "depuis" or "il y a" as in "I have been looking for him for twenth minutes = Je le cherche depuis vingt mnutes OR Il y a vingt minutes que je le cherche.

    Then there is the Imperfect with "depuis" or "il y a" or the past tense of what is above. I had been looking for him for twenty minutes = Je le cherchais depuis vingt min utes OR Il y avait vingt minutes que je le cherchais. NOTE: The English can appear to be the present progressive or the past perfect, but it is neither in French!

    Other Verbal Expression with duration of time, such as "He works for eight hours = Il travaille pendant huit heures. He worked (for) eight hours = Il a travaillé (pendant) huit heures.

    pendant = as an adverb it means "while" in pendant que.....

    or it can be a preposition = during

    il y a is an impersonal expression that is either singular or plural, meaning "there is" OR "there are."

    So, sometimes you can use them interchangeably, sometimes you don't need to state (pendant/pour), it might depend upon what part of speech it is (adverb or preposition) and with expressions having to do with "time" or "duration" see above.

    Mme

    1. 👍 0
    2. 👎 0

Respond to this Question

First Name

Your Response

Similar Questions

  1. French

    Can someone please explain when to use depuis, ca fait, and il y a? I know they're time expressions but I'm so confused about when to put what. Thanks!

    asked by Alex on January 29, 2008
  2. French

    Question: Pendant que les vacances, ¨¤ qui rends-tu visite? My response: Pendant que les vacances, je rends visite ¨¤ ma grand-m¨¨re. am i right? i'm confused as whether or not i'm supposed to put the ¨¤ after visite.

    asked by Angie on May 6, 2009
  3. french

    i am confused when i should use "pendant" versus "i y a" for the past and when to use "pour" versus "dans" and "d'ici" for the future. can someone please explain

    asked by john on March 24, 2008
  4. Chemistry (please help)

    How would you make a serial dilution if you have 100mM of X These are the values of X that she gave. X 0 1 3 1 10 30 100 These are the values of X in the serial dilution. If you could help me out by start me off because I am kind

    asked by tatiana on January 27, 2007
  5. Application problems with fractionsþ

    Cheryl is fitting a turquoise stone into a bear claw pendant. Find the diameter of the hole in the pendant. (The diameter, which is 7/8 inches, is the distance across the center of the hole. The two areas outside the hole are 3/16

    asked by Alex L. on October 10, 2011
  6. Chem

    One of my questions asks, when can you conclude about the relative equillibrium concentrations of CrO4^2- in each of the colutions 0.1 M K2Cr2O7 and 0.1 M K2CrO4? Im really confused by this question. Could someone clarify it for

    asked by Lena on July 21, 2009
  7. Art

    A golden pendant from an ancient world was once used to drive away evil sprits. This pendant is found by treasure hunter thousands of years later, who sells the object to the highest bidder. This chain of events is an example of?

    asked by LOVE on March 9, 2016
  8. geography

    In South Asia, where does rain fall in August? In February? What are the seasonal changes caused by the movement of the ITCZ. I know that the Intertropical Convergence Zone is related to the Asian monsoon, but I'm confused on

    asked by jennifer on October 20, 2008
  9. French

    I just need someone to check my mistakes. This is a short essay using futur simple. Pendant ces vacances, je pourrai voyager avec ma famille à Dubai. Nous ferons à Burj Khalifa et à Dubai mall pour verrons les plus étonnantes

    asked by marlen :) on May 26, 2013
  10. French

    Can someone check this for me? I wrote it a while ago and it's due soon. There were certain vocab words that had to be in it and I couldn't find a way to stick some of them in there so can someone help me find ways to incorporate

    asked by Sarah on November 3, 2008

More Similar Questions