# Physics

posted by cylinder

Q11.The table below shows how the braking distance x for a car depends on its initial speed u.

| u / ms-1 | 5 | 10 | 20 | 40 |
| X / M | 2 | 8 | 32 | 128 |

The relationship between x and u is: doubling speed increases distance by a factor of 4.

i)The reaction time of a driver is 0.60s. Calculate the stopping distance of the car when u is 30ms-1.
Thinking distance= 18m

and i didn't know how to work out braking distance so i looked at the mark scheme to get this number
so braking distance=72m
then i used this number to get the stoppign distance and got:
stopping idstamce=

18m + 72m = 90m stopping distance.

Please show mehow to work out braking distance for this questions, show where you got numbersfrom, what equations used and full wqriting not jut symbols please/

by the way for the table
5 is above 2
10 is above 8
and so on
the space i left aren't posted/shown

I reposted like you asked Damon and i included the full question and my working out and what i need help with so pplease help Damon or anyone else

1. bobpursley

distance=constant*v^2
32=constant*10^2
constant=.32
now try it for 20
distance=.32*20^2=128, so you have the formula. So at 30m/s,
distance=.32*30^2=288
now you have to add the distance traveled before breaking, 30*.6=18m
total distance=18+288 m.

The72 m is bogus.

2. cylinder

Thank you, finally someone who answered, I have been waiting ages for this questions answer. So you saying that your 100 percent sure that is the answer and the mark scheme which the examiner made is wrong??
This is what the mark scheme said for braking distance:
BRAKING DISTANCE =0.08 * U^2= 0.08 * 30^2= 72m which I went over many times but did not understand at all.
Just so you know their working out

3. cylinder

Please tell me what you think of the mark scheme answer what they did and if now looking at this mark schee answer you stillthink that it is wrong and your answer is right? just as i want to make sure my notes are right.

4. cylinder

Damon said:
v = Vi + a t where t is AFTER 0.6 s
v = 30 + a t
so
x = Xi + Vi t + (1/2) a t^2

a will be negative of course
Xi is 18 when t = 0
x = 18 + 30 t + (1/2) a t^2

-i dont know what xi means
-if this wiill result in yuor answer or the mark scheme answer but just sent it for you to confirm which working out is right and what answer is rightand what the mark scheme is saying as i dontget where the 0.08 came from

5. cylinder

i also dont get how to work out damons last line if his is right

6. cylinder

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