# Physics

posted by Student12

A blue billiard ball with mass m crashes into a red billiard ball with the same mass that is at rest. The collision results in the blue billiard ball travelling with a velocity of v and the red billiard ball with a velocity of 3V. In terms of v and m determine the blue billiard ball's velocity before the collision.

1. Steve

Let the man run to point P, which is x meters upstream from the line AB. He swims across, being swept y meters downstream, and then runs to B.

We know that he is in the water for d/(v/3) = 3d/v seconds, so
y = 3d/v * v = 3d.

His path is thus

√(d^2+x^2) meters on land,
d meters in the water,
√((2d)^2+(x-3d)^2) meters on land to B

Now, dividing distance by speed, his time to travel is

t = 1/(3v) (√(d^2+x^2)+√((2d)^2+(x-3d)^2)) + 3d/v
=
√(d^2+x^2)+√(x^2-6dx+13d^2)+9d
--------------------------------------
3v

2. Steve

Let the man run to point P, which is x meters upstream from the line AB. He swims across, being swept y meters downstream, and then runs to B.

We know that he is in the water for d/(v/3) = 3d/v seconds, so
y = 3d/v * v = 3d.

His path is thus

√(d^2+x^2) meters on land,
d meters in the water,
√((2d)^2+(x-3d)^2) meters on land to B

Now, dividing distance by speed, his time to travel is

t = 1/(3v) (√(d^2+x^2)+√((2d)^2+(x-3d)^2)) + 3d/v
=
√(d^2+x^2)+√(x^2-6dx+13d^2)+9d
---------------------------------------------
3v

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