statistics
posted by angela .
What would be a nondirectional hypothesis for this statement. Older drivers are safer than younger ones. I have this not sure if it is correct. There will be a difference between older and younger drivers.

HO:p=R
Directional:
HA≥R
or
HA≤R
Nondirectional:
HA≠R
Directional hypotheses have alternate hypotheses that point in some direction as to having a value less than or greater than the quantity denoted by the null hypothesis. Nondirectional hypotheses simply state that the alternate hypothesized value is different than the null hypothesized value.
In your example...
HO:p=∂older−∂younger=0
HA:p≤0
where "∂" represents the total accident occurrence rate in set age groups (older = 31+; younger = 1630) in the past year.
This is unidirectional because it hypothesizes that the trend of accident occurrences/driving safety rates in variant age groups tends toward one direction.
To make the hypothesis nondirectional, simply reword the hypothesis such that it doesn't indicate the general trend of accident occurrences/driving safety rates tending towards one direction. EXAMPLE: An insurance company asks you to determine whether a difference exists in the accident rates between younger and older drivers.
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