English III

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Franklin Roosevelt's "State of the Union Address, 1941," excerpt
( ) For there is nothing mysterious about the foundations of a healthy and strong democracy. The basic things expected by our people of their political and economic systems are simple. They are:
Equality of opportunity for youth and for others.
Jobs for those who can work.
Security for those who need it.
The ending of special privilege for the few
The preservation of civil liberties for all.
The enjoyment of the fruits of scientific progress in a wider and constantly rising standard of living.

These are the simple, basic things that must never be lost sight of in the turmoil and unbelievable complexity of our modern world. The inner and abiding strength of our economic and political systems is dependent upon the degree to which they fulfill these expectations.
Many subjects connected with our social economy call for immediate improvement. As examples:
We should bring more citizens under the coverage of old-age pensions and unemployment insurance.
We should widen the opportunities for adequate medical care.
We should plan a better system by which persons deserving or needing gainful employment may
obtain it.

I have called for personal sacrifice. I am assured of the willingness of almost all Americans to respond to that call.

A part of the sacrifice means the payment of more money in taxes. In my Budget Message I shall recommend that a greater portion of this great defense program be paid for from taxation than we are paying today. No person should try, or be allowed, to get rich out of this program; and the principle of tax payments in accordance with ability to pay should be constantly before our eyes to guide our legislation.

If the Congress maintains these principles, the voters, putting patriotism ahead of pocketbooks, will give you their applause.

In the future days, which we seek to make secure, we look forward to a world founded upon four essential human freedoms.
The first is freedom of speech and expression-everywhere in the world.
The second is freedom of every person to worship God in his own way-everywhere in the world.
The third is freedom from want-which, translated into world terms, means economic understandings
which will secure to every nation a healthy peacetime life for its inhabitants-everywhere in the world.
The fourth is freedom from fear-which, translated into world terms, means a world-wide reduction of
armaments to such a point and in such a thorough fashion that no nation will be in a position to
commit an act of physical aggression against any neighbor-anywhere in the world.

That is no vision of a distant millennium. It is a definite basis for a kind of world attainable in our own time and generation. That kind of world is the very antithesis of the so-called new order of tyranny which the dictators seek to create with the crash of a bomb.
To that new order we oppose the greater conception-the moral order. A good society is able to face schemes of world domination and foreign revolutions alike without fear.

Since the beginning of our American history, we have been engaged in change-in a perpetual peaceful revolution-a revolution which goes on steadily, quietly adjusting itself to changing conditions-without the concentration camp or the quick-lime in the ditch. The world order which we seek is the cooperation of free countries, working together in a friendly, civilized society.

This nation has placed its destiny in the hands and heads and hearts of its millions of free men and women; and its faith in freedom under the guidance of God. Freedom means the supremacy of human rights everywhere. Our support goes to those who struggle to gain those rights or keep them. Our strength is our unity of purpose.

To that high concept there can be no end save victory.

Part A

Read these lines from the text:

To that new order we oppose the greater conception-the moral order. A good society is able to face schemes of world domination and foreign revolutions alike without fear.

What is Roosevelt suggesting in these lines?

A. That a solid foundation is needed to react morally to conflict in the world
B. That society can only be considered moral when it acts against order
C. That when free people face opposition, they must act with morality
D. That world domination and revolutions can be good if carried out morally

Part B

Select two additional quotations that clarify the quotation in Part A.

E. These are the simple, basic things that must never be lost sight of in the turmoil and unbelievable complexity of our modern world
F. In the future days, which we seek to make secure, we look forward to a world founded upon four essential human freedoms.
G. That kind of world is the very antithesis of the so-called new order of tyranny
H. Since the beginning of our American history, we have been engaged in change
I. This nation has placed its destiny in the hands and heads and hearts of its millions of free men and women
J. Our strength is our unity of purpose. To that high concept there can be no end save victory. (6 points)

Please enter the letters associated to your answers, in alphabetical order, into the blank provided. Please use commas to separate your letters, but do not include spaces. Example: A,E,F

  • English III -

    And your answers are?

  • English III -

    A, E, G

  • English III -

    Is he right?

  • English III -

    What do you think, Halo?

  • English III -

    I think so but I am not sure that is why I am asking you, you are a professional.

  • English III -

    Ahh -- but you're the student who is supposed to be learning this material.

  • English III -

    I was exempted from the lesson but the teacher is still making me do the test so I don't know.

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