posted by Smith
Instant cold packs, often used to ice athletic injuries on the field, contain ammonium nitrate and water separated by a thin plastic divider. When the divider is broken, the ammonium nitrate dissolves according to the following endothermic reaction:
In order to measure the enthalpy change for this reaction, 1.25 g of NH4NO3 is dissolved in enough water to make 25.0 mL of solution. The initial temperature is 25.8 ∘C and the final temperature (after the solid dissolves) is 21.9 ∘C.
Calculate the change in enthalpy for the reaction in kilojoules per mole. (Use 1.0g/mL as the density of the solution and 4.18J/g⋅∘C as the specific heat capacity.)
After working it out I got -0.0064 kJ/mole, but it's not right. Anyone telling me how to solve this?
heat lost by warm water + heat gained by cool water = 0
[mass warm water x specific heat water x (Tfinal-Tinitial)] + [mass cool H2O x specific heat H2O x (Tfinal-Tinitial)] = 0
Solve for Tfinal.
Watch the units.