physics
posted by Anonymous
At low speeds (especially in liquids rather than gases), the drag force is proportional to the speed rather than it's square, i.e., F⃗ = −C1rv⃗ , where C1 is a constant. At time t = 0, a small ball of mass m is projected into a liquid so that it initially has a horizontal velocity of u in the +x direction as shown. The initial speed in the vertical direction (y) is zero. The gravitational acceleration is g. Consider the cartesian coordinate system shown in the figure (+x to the right and +y downwards).
Express the answer of the following questions in terms of some or all of the variables C1, r, m, g, vx, vy, u and t (enter C_1 for C1, v_x for vx and v_y for vy). Enter e^(z) for exp(z) (the exponential function of argument z).
(a) What is component of the acceleration in the x direction as a function of the component of the velocity in the x direction vx? express your answer in terms of vx, C1, r, g, m and u as needed:
ax=
(−1mC1⋅r)⋅vx
(b) What is the acceleration in the y direction as a function of the component of the velocity in the y direction vy? express your answer in terms of vy, C1, r, g, m and u as needed:
ay=
(c) Using your result from part (a), find an expression for the horizontal component of the ball's velocity as a function of time t? express your answer in terms of C1, r, g, m, u and t as needed: (enter e^(z) for exp(z)).
vx(t)=
u⋅e−tmC1⋅r
(d) Using your result from part (b), find an expression for the vertical component of the ball's velocity as a function of time t? express your answer in terms of C1, r, g, m, u and t as needed: (enter e^(z) for exp(z)).
vy(t)=
(e) How long does it take for the vertical speed to reach 99% of its maximum value? express your answer in terms of C−1, r, g, m and u as needed:
t=
(f) What value does the horizontal component of the ball's velocity approach as t becomes infinitely large? express your answer in terms of C1, r, g, m and u as needed:
(g) What value does the vertical component of the ball's velocity approach as t becomes infinitely large? express your answer in terms of C1, r, g, m and u as needed
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