Physics (Stress & Strain)
posted by Danny
A steel bar has a rectangular cross section measuring 1.000cm by 2.500cm and is 8.100m in length. A load of 150000.000N causes the bar to extend 2.000mm. Calculate the stress and strain.
Area = l*w
= 2.500cm = 0.025m
Stress = Load/ Area
Is this correct?
σ= 150000/2.5•10⁻⁴=6•10⁸ N/m².
Strain is defined as "deformation of a solid due to stress" and can be expressed as
where E= Young’s modulus (Modulus of elasticity)
For steel E=200 GPa =>
ε= σ/E = 6•10⁸/2•10¹¹=3•10⁻³ m = 3 mm
Area = lw (correct)
=1cm x 2.5 cm
=0.0100 cm x 0.025 cm
(remember, length 8.1 does not come into the calculation of cross section area)
=force (in N)/area (in m²)
=deformation (in metres) /original length (in metres)
=2 mm/ 8.1 m
=0.002 m / 8.1 m
Note Elena's formula for strain
is also correct, except that E is not directly given in the question.
Also, since both σ and E are in pressure units, strain is unitless.