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Balance the following redox reaction.
MnO4 (aq) + Fe (s) --> Mn2+ (aq) +Fe2+ (aq)

  • chemistry -

    first step: break down the equation into half equations for oxidation and reduction

    reduction reaction;
    8H+ + 5e- + MnO4- --> Mn2+ + 4H2O

    oxidation reaction;
    Fe --> Fe2+ + 2e-

    second step: manipulate the equations in order to get the same number of electrons; i.e. multiply reduction equation with 2 to get;
    16H+ + 10e- + 2MnO4- --> 2Mn2+ + 8H2O

    multiply oxidation reaction with 5 to get;
    5Fe --> 5Fe2+ + 10e-

    third step: add the two equations together (cancel variables on different side of the equation)i.e. the electrons are cancelled out.

    16H+ + 5Fe + 2MnO4- --> 2Mn2+ + 5Fe2+ + 8H2O

  • chemistry -

    I expect this is just an exercise in balancing redox equations; from a practical standpoint I doubt there is much reaction between MnO4^- and solid Fe.

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