Social Studies

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In China, Confucius wrote down his philosophy which explained how people should live their lives. Confucianism teaches that each person should accept his or her role in society. Confucisanism became the basis for order and respect and was central in governing China. The relationships and teachings of Confucius were studied for "civil service" exams. These exams were taken by Chinese citizens in hopes of scoring well and getting a good paying job in the Chinese government. Central to Confucius teaching are relationships and social roles. There are five great relationships

1.Kindness in the father and obedience in the son
2.Kindness in the older brother and respect by the younger brother
3.Good behavior by the husband and respect by the wife
4.Gentle respect by seniors and admiration and respect for them by young people
5.Generosity by rulers and loyalty to the ruler by their subjects
If these attitudes are practiced there will be harmony among all


17.Based on the five relationships what type of society was China striving for?
What do they mean what type of society?

  • Social Studies -

    They were striving for an organized society in which the young obeyed and respected the older people. They wanted a stable and efficient society.

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