WorldHistory

posted by .

Check?

What are the three ways that civilization in western Europe declined after the Roman Empire fell?
Answer:


1. Decline of centralized government-Barbarian invasions of Britain, Gaul, Italy and parts of the Eastern Roman Empire led local populations to try to protect themselves and operate independently of the central authority.

2. Decline of trade-For example, as agricultural output slowly declined and population increased, per-capita energy availability dropped. The Romans "solved" this problem by conquering their neighbours to appropriate their energy surpluses (metals, grain, slaves, etc). As a consequence of the growing Empire, the cost of maintaining communications, garrisons, civil government, etc. increased. Eventually, this cost grew so great that any new challenges such as invasions and crop failures could not be solved by the acquisition of more territory. At that point, the empire fragmented into smaller units.

3. Loss of civic virtue-the coming to an end of the participation of the average citizen in affairs of state. the perpetuation of the roman system of government depended upon its leaders to have civic virtue. Once representatives began to be corrupt and self interested the fall of the republic became imminent. At the time there was strain on the administrative system brought on by the expansion of territory under Rome's control. This corruption, when inserted into the struggle for reform, allowed for single men to take power into their own hands.

4. Economic decline-Monetary taxation was replaced with direct requisitioning, for example taking food and cattle from farmers. Individuals were forced to work at their given place of employment and remain in the same occupation. Farmers became tied to the land, as were their children, and similar demands were made on all other workers, producers, and artisans as well. Workers were organized into guilds and businesses into corporations called collegia. Both became de facto organs of the state, controlling and directing their members to work and produce for the state. In the countryside people attached themselves to the estates of the wealthy in order to gain some protection from state officials and tax collectors. These estates, the beginning of the feudal system, operated as much as possible as closed systems, providing for all their own needs and not engaging in trade at all.

  • WorldHistory -

    Your answers are right -- but I don't think they're your words. You should cite your sources.

  • WorldHistory -

    I liked your earlier answers better except for the first as Ms Sue pointed out. I might have said something like with the fall of the central government the resulting smaller governments tended not to work together and even attacked each other. the only unifying agency left was the Catholic Church which could only get the little states together to go attack the Middle East.

  • WorldHistory -

    Your answers above seem more oriented to telling us why the empire failed.

Respond to this Question

First Name
School Subject
Your Answer

Similar Questions

  1. world civilization ( the roman empire)

    What political, social, and economic problems beset Rome in the third and fourth centuries c.e.?
  2. world history

    16. After the death of Theodosius, the eastern part of the Roman Empire became known as the a. Ottoman Empire. b. Byzantine Empire. c. Visigoth Empire. d. Christian Empire.
  3. WorldHistory

    Check? What are the three ways that civilization in western Europe declined after the Roman Empire fell?
  4. World History

    What impact did Emperor Constantine's establishment of the “New Rome” (Constantinople) have on the Roman Empire?
  5. history

    Which statement explains why Britain became a part of the Roman Empire much later than nearby Gaul?
  6. world history check

    How did the excommunication of Emperor Leo III affect the Roman Empire during the eighth century?
  7. History

    Which statment explains why Britain became a part of the Roman Empire much later than nearby Gaul?
  8. Social studies

    5.which of the following was a factor in the fall of the roman empire?
  9. Social Studies

    The decades around the year 50 B.C. saw the end of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. What factors led to the decline of the Roman Republic?
  10. ss help

    The decades around the year 50 B.C. saw the end of the Roman Republic and the rise of the Roman Empire. What factors led to the decline of the Roman Republic?

More Similar Questions