math probablity- Respond as soon as possible

posted by Angela

Assume a family is planning to have three children.

1. Why do probabilities centered around this scenario represent the same probabilities as those for flipping three coins

  1. Reiny

    mmmh,

    in flipping one coin, and having one child:
    prob(heads) = 1/2, prob(tails) = 1/2
    prob(boy) = 1/2 , prob (girl) = 1/2

    for flipping 3 coins, or considering 3 kids:
    prob(1 head, 2 tails) = 3(1/2)^3 = 3/8
    prob(1 boy, 2 girls) = 3(1/2)^3 = 3/8

    etc.

  2. jimbo

    This is because each pregnancy is independent of the others so the chances of receiving either a boy or girl is 50% for each separate pregnancy. the same as flipping three coins, the chances of having either heads or tails is 50% and each flip is independent of the others.

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