Math

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A Quadratic Word Problem.

The difference between two positive numbers is 3. The sum of the squares of the numbers is 89. Find the numbers.

  • Math -

    a = first number

    b = second number

    a - b = 3 Add b to both sides

    a - b + b = 3 + b

    a = b + 3


    a ^ 2 + b ^ 2 = 89

    ( b + 3 ) ^ 2 + b ^ 2 = 89

    b ^ 2 + 2 * b * 3 + 3 ^ 2 + b ^ 2 = 89

    b ^ 2 + 6 b + 9 + b ^ 2 = 89

    2 b ^ 2 + 6 b + 9 = 89 Divide both sides by 2

    b ^ 2 + 3 b + 9 / 2 = 89 / 2 Subtract 9 / 2 to both sides

    b ^ 2 + 3 b + 9 / 2 - 9 / 2 = 89 / 2 - 9 / 2

    b ^ 2 + 3 b = 80 / 2

    b ^ 2 + 3 b = 40 Add 9 / 4 to both sides

    b ^ 2 + 3 b + 9 / 4 = 40 + 9 / 4

    b ^ 2 + 3 b + 9 / 4 = 160 / 4 + 9 / 4

    b ^ 2 + 3 b + 9 / 4 = 169 / 4

    ________________________________________

    Remark :

    b ^ 2 + 3 b + 9 / 4 = ( b + 3 / 2 ) ^ 2

    ________________________________________

    ( b + 3 / 2 ) ^ 2 = 169 / 4 take sqrt to both sides

    b + 3 / 2 = 13 / 2 Subtract 3 / 2 to both sides

    b + 3 / 2 - 3 / 2 = 13 / 2 - 3 / 2

    b = 10 / 2 = 5

    a = b + 3 = 5 + 3 = 8

    Nuumbers are :

    5 and 8


    Proof :

    8 - 5 = 3

    8 ^ 2 + 5 ^ 2 = 64 + 25 = 89

  • Math -

    The product of two number is between 40 and 50. One number is 4 time less than the other

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