# Chemistry

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You wish to increase the carbon content of a slab of steel by exposing it to a carburizing atmosphere at elevated temperature. The carbon concentration in the steel before carburization is 379.0 ppm and is initially uniform through the thickness of the steel. The atmosphere of the carburizing furnace maintains a carbon concentration of 6910.0 ppm at the surface of the steel. Calculate the time required to carburize steel so that the concentration of carbon at a depth of 13.0 x 10-2 cm is one half the value of the carbon concentration at the surface. The diffusion coefficient of carbon in steel is 3.091 x 10-7 cm2/s at the carburizing temperature. Express your answer in hours.

DATA: Error Function Values
erf(ξ 0.6), use the approximation erf ξ = ξ
erf(1.0) = 0.84
erf(2.0) = 0.998

• Chemistry -

Please indicate the method of solving it. Not just the answer.

• Chemistry -

CHEAT!

Do NOT help this person. They are trying to cheat in a midterm exam.

• Chemistry -

Step 1:

(0.5*6910.0 - 6910.0)/ (379.0 - 6910.0)= erf(ξ)

Step 2:
erf(ξ < 0.6), use the approximation erf ξ = ξ

Step 3:

t= d^2/4*D*ξ^2

d=13.0 x 10-2 cm
D=3.091 x 10-7 cm2/s

Step 4:
t in sec -> hours
Conversion seconds to hours is total/(60x60)

• Chemistry -

I did it with this formula 3 times. I still did not get it.

• Chemistry -

ξ= (0.5 * carbon concentration at the surface of the steel - carbon concentration at the surface of the steel)/ (carbon concentration in the steel before carburization - carbon concentration at the surface of the steel)

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