AP Chemistry

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iron has a density of 7.86 g/cm3 and crystallizes a body centered cubic lattice. Show that only 68% of a body centered lattice is actually occupied by atoms, and determine the atomic radius of iron

  • AP Chemistry -

    bcc is 2 atoms/unit cell.
    mass unit cell = 2*55.847/6.02E23 = ?
    volume unit cell = mass unit cell/density
    a = edge length = volume1/3
    4r = a*(3)1/2 and solve for r = approximately 1.2E-8 cm.
    volume of atom = (4/3)*pi*r3

    ratio is space used =
    (2*volume of atom/volume of unit cell)*100 = 68%

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