Physics

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A football player throws a ball with a horizontal distance of 31.0 m so that the other player catches it at the exact height it was initially thrown. If the ball rises and falls by 1.8 m in its trajectory, what is the initial velocity of the ball? Please give the speed and angle!

  • Physics -

    how much initial speed up, Vi, to go up 1.8 m?

    m g h = (1/2)m Vi^2

    Vi^2 = 2 g h
    Vi^2 = 2 (9.81)(1.8)
    Vi = 5.94 m/s vertical component

    Now work on horizontal problem
    average speed up =5.94/2 = 2.97 m/s
    so time rising up = 1.8/2.97 =.606 s
    it goes distance 31/2 = 15.5 m while rising
    so u, the constant horizontal component of velocity = 15.5/.06 = 25.6 m/s

    so in the end tinital velocity is u = 25.6 and v = 5.94
    speed = sqrt(u^2+Vi^2) = 26.3 m/s
    tan elevation angle = 5.94/25.6
    so angle = 13.1 degrees up from horizontal

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