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A 10 lb. frozen boneless roast needs to be thawed and baked to a temperature of 200 degrees F.
The storage freezer maintains a temperature of -10 degrees F.
Pork changes from solid to a thawed state at 30 degrees F and has the following properties:
Heat Capacity "c" (frozen) = 0.50 BTU/(lb x F degrees)
"c" thawed = 1.2 BTU/(lb. x F degrees)
Heat of fusion (hf) = 125 BTU/lb.

How many BTUs does it take to bring the roast to a tasty 200 degrees F?

  • Science -

    q1 is heat from -10 to 30
    q1 = mass x specific heat of frozen x (Tfinal-Tinitial)

    q2 = heat at 30 to thaw at 30.
    q2 = mass x heat fusion

    q3 = heat from 30 to 200
    q3 = mass x specific heat of thawed x (Tfinal-Tinitial)

    Total heat = q1 + q2 + q3

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