Trigonometry

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Use the half-angle identities to find all solutions on the interval [0,2pi) for the equation

cos^2(x) = sin^2(x/2)

  • Trigonometry -

    sin (x/2 ) = + sqrt([1-cos x]/2) if x/2 in q 1 or 2 thus if 0 < x < 2 pi
    sin^2 (x/2) = [1-cos x]/2
    so
    cos^2 x = [1 - cos x]/2
    2 cos^2 x = 1 - cos x

    2 cos^2 x + cos x = 1
    let z = cos x
    2 z^2 + z -1 = 0
    (2 z - 1)(z +1) = 0
    z = cos x = 1/2
    or cos x = -1
    x = 60 deg (pi/3) or -60 deg (5 pi/3)
    or x = 180 deg (pi)

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