Accounting

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Imagen Arquitectonica of Tijuana, Mexico is contemplating a major change in its cost structure. Currently, all of its drafting work is performed by skilled draftsmen. Alfredo Ayala, Imagen's owner, is considering replacing the draftsmen with a computerized drafting system.
However, before making the change Alfredo would like to know the consequences of the change, since the volume of business varies significantly from year to year. Shown below are CVP income statements for each alternative.



Manual System


Computerized System
Sales $1,500,000 $1,500,000
Variable costs

1,200,000


600,000

Contribution margin 300,000 900,000
Fixed costs

60,000


660,000

Net income

$240,000


$240,000



Determine the degree of operating leverage for each alternative. (Round answers to 2 decimal places, e.g. 10.50.)

Manual System
Computerized System



Which alternative would produce the higher net income if sales increased by $100,000?




Using the margin of safety ratio, determine which alternative could sustain the greater decline in sales before operating at a loss.

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