Physics

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A minimum horizontal force of 10 N is needed to keep a 500 g book in place against a wall as shown.What maximum mass of book could be supported by the 10 N force if it were directed upwards at an angle of 60° instead of at right angles to the wall?

  • Physics -

    When the force F is normal to the wall the projections of the forces acting on the book are
    x: N = F,
    y: mg =F(fr).

    F(fr) = k•N = k•F,
    k•F = m•g,
    k = m•g/F =0.5•9.8/10 = 0.49.

    When the force F is at 60o to horizontal the projections of the forces acting on the book are
    x: N1 = F•cosα
    y: m1•g =F(fr)+F•sinα

    F(fr) = k•N1= k•F•cosα,
    F(fr) = m1•g - F•sinα,
    k•F•cosα= m1•g - F•sinα,
    m1=F•( k• cosα +sinα)/g =
    = 10(0.49•0.5 + 0.866)/9,8 = 1.13 kg.

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