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algebra

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A ball is thrown into the air with an upward velocity of 28 ft/s. Its height (h) in feet after t seconds is given by the function h = –16t² + 28t + 7. How long does it take the ball to reach its maximum height? What is the ball’s maximum height?

How do I solve this?

  • algebra -

    the vertex of a parabola is at

    x = -b/2a = -28/-32 = 7/8
    h(7/8) = 19.25

  • algebra -

    If you know Calculus, this is easy
    dh/dt = -32t + 28 = 0 for a max of h
    32t = 28
    t = 28/32 = 7/8 = .875
    h = -16(49/64) + 28(7/8) + 7 = 77/4 = 19.25 ft

    if you don't know Calculus, you must complete the square
    h = -16(t^2 - 28/16t + ...) + 7
    = -16(t^2 - (7/4)t + 49/64 - 49/64) + 7
    = -16( (t-7/8)^2 - 49/64) + 7
    = -16(t-7/8)^2 + 49/4 + 7
    = -16(t-7/8)^2 + 77/4

    the vertex of this quadratic is (7,8 , 77,4)
    so there is a max of h of 77/4 or 19.25 when h = 7/8

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