Chemistry

posted by .

Consider an ideal gas encloesd in a 1.00 L container at an internal pressure of 10.0 atm. Calculate the work, w, if the gas expands against a constant external pressure of 1.00 atm to a final volume of 20.0 L.
w = ____ J

now calculate the work done if this process is carried out in two steps.
1] first let, the gas expand against a constant external pressure of 5.00 atm to a volume of 4.00 L.
2] From there, let the gas expand to 20.0 L against a constant external pressure of 1.00 atm.
w = _____ J


i know that the formula to solve this is w=-(p)(Delta V) but when they give you 2 pressures does that mean the formula turns to w=-(delta p)(delta v)?

  • Chemistry -

    1)
    -Pdelta V = -1 atm x (v2-v1) = -1(20-1) = -19 L*atm work.
    2)
    The first one is -5 x (4-1) = -15 L*atm
    Second stage is -1 x (20-4) = -16 L*atm
    Total = -31 L*atm
    Here is a good site you can read; in fact there is an example problem that is ALMOST the same as this one.
    (Broken Link Removed)

  • Chemistry -

    Thank you Dr. Bob! That was very helpful

  • Chemistry -

    No prob. I always help sexy ladies ~

  • Chemistry -

    2=2

Respond to this Question

First Name
School Subject
Your Answer

Similar Questions

  1. chemistry

    ideal gas .450 mole initial pressure 16 atm and 290 K expands isothermally to a final pressure 1 atm. find work , if expansion is against a vacuum, a constant external pressure of 1 atm and reviersibly
  2. Chemistry

    You have 1L of an ideal gas at 0 degree celsius and 10 atm pressure. You allow the gas to expand against a constant external pressure of 1 atm, while the temperature remains constant. Assuming, 101.3 J/liter-atm, find q,w,delta E, …
  3. Chemistry

    Consider an ideal gas encloesd in a 1.00 L container at an internal pressure of 10.0 atm. Calculate the work, w, if the gas expands against a constant external pressure of 1.00 atm to a final volume of 20.0 L. w = ____ J now calculate …
  4. ap chemistry

    A sample of gas in a cylinder of volume 4.2 L at 316 K and 2.68 atm expands to 7.21 L by two different pathways. Path A is an isothermal, reversible expansion. Calculate the work for Path A. Answer in units of J Path B has two steps. …
  5. ap chemistry

    1.95 mol of an ideal gas at 300 K and 3.00 atm expands from 16 L to 28 L and a final pressure of 1.20 atm in two steps: (1) the gas is cooled at constant volume until its pressure has fallen to 1.20 atm, and (2) it is heated and allowed …
  6. chemistry

    An ideal gas is allowed to expand isothermally from 2.00 L at 5.00 atm in two steps: a) against a constant external pressure of 3.00 atm, followed by b) against a constant external pressure of 2.00 atm. Calculate q and w. (101.33 J …
  7. Physics

    Initially 1.200 mol of an ideal gas in a container occupies a volume of 3.50 l at a pressure of 3.30 atm with an internal energy U1 = 547.2 J. The gas is cooled at a constant volume until its pressure is 1.80 atm. Then it is allowed …
  8. physics

    Initially 1.200 mol of an ideal gas in a container occupies a volume of 3.50 l at a pressure of 3.30 atm with an internal energy U1 = 547.2 J. The gas is cooled at a constant volume until its pressure is 1.80 atm. Then it is allowed …
  9. Physical Chemistry

    Calculate the work, w, (in J) when 0.6 litre of an ideal gas at an initial pressure of 91.5 atm is expanded isothermally to a final pressure of 2.15 atm against a constant external pressure of 2.15 atm. I got -130.71 J, but apparently …
  10. Chemistry

    1) 0.19 litre of an ideal monatomic gas (Cv,m = 3R/2) initially at 83 °C and 47 atm pressure undergo an expansion against a constant external pressure of 1.19 atm, and do 2.3 kJ of work. The final pressure of the gas is 1.19 atm. …

More Similar Questions