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chem: Drbob222

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Hi I have a follow up to a question that was answered previously.

New question: So when the HPO4(2-) reacts with the NaOH, will the equation be this?:
HPO4^(2-) + NaOH --> H2O + NaPO4(2-)
But how do I write the equation for the H2PO4^- and HCl?

H2PO4^- + HCl -->

Here is the previous question and answer to refresh your memory.

write an equation for which component of the phosphate buffer (H2PO4-/ HPO4^2-) reacts when HCl is added. Do the same for NaOH.

I think that the H2PO4- will react with the NaOH but its only a guess and I'm confused as to how I would go about doing this.

chem - DrBob222, Sunday, January 29, 2012 at 5:21pm
You guessed wrong.
You have H2PO4^- and HPO4^2-
Which is the acid and which is the base? H2PO4^- is the acid. Why? Because it is the one with extra H^+. The HPO4^2- is the base because it is the one with fewer H (and the one accepting protons).
H2PO4^- ==> H^+ + HPO4^2-
This shows the H2PO4^- donating a proton and HPO4^2- accepting a proton.

  • chem: Drbob222 -

    In a buffer made of H2PO4^- and HPO4^2-, addition of HCl adds to the base; i.e.,
    H^+ + HPO4^2- ==> H2PO4^-

    and addition of NaOH adds to the acid.
    H2PO4^- + OH^- ==> H2O + HPO4^2-

    I hope this gets things straight.

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