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A hammer is often used to force a nail into wood. The faster the hammer moves, the deeper the nail moves into the wood. This can be represented in a laboratory by a mass falling vertically onto a nail. It is suggested that the depth d of the nail in the wood (see Fig. 1.1) is related to the velocity v of the mass at the instant it hits the nail by the equation
where k and n are constants.

Design a laboratory experiment to investigate the relationship between v and d so as to determine a value for n. You should draw a diagram showing the arrangement of your equipment. In your account you should pay particular attention to
(a) the procedure to be followed,
(b) the measurements to be taken,
(c) the control of variables,
(d) the analysis of the data,
(e) the safety precautions to be taken.

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