# physics

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A policeman with a very good ear and a good understanding of the Doppler effect stands on the shoulder of a freeway assisting a crew in a 40-mph work zone. He notices a car approaching that is honking its horn. As the car gets closer, the policeman hears the sound of the horn as a distinct G3 tone (196 Hz). The instant the car passes by, he hears the sound as a distinct D3 tone (147 Hz). He immediately jumps on his motorcycle, stops the car, and gives the motorist a speeding ticket. How fast was this car going? (Assume that the speed of sound is 340 m/s.)

• physics -

196=f1/(340-Vcar)
147=f(1/(340+vcar)

dividing the first equation by the second

196/147=(340+vcar)/(340-Vcar)

4/3 (340-Vcar)=340+Vcar

1/3 340=7/3 Vcar

vcar=340/7=you do it... m/s That is almost 109mph

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