Chem(PLEASE CAN SOMEONE EXPLAIN HOW I CAN SOLVE)

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calculate the molarities of each of the ions in a solution prepared by diluting 78mL of 4.5M Ca(ClO3)2 (aq) to 156mL with water. I don't understand how to answer this question.

  • Chem(PLEASE CAN SOMEONE EXPLAIN HOW I CAN SOLVE) -

    First determine the concn of the molecule. That is done one of two ways;
    1)
    4.5M x (78/156) = ? or
    2) mL1 x M1 = mL2 x M2.
    You should get the same answer the same way.
    Then you know there is 1 Ca ion is 1 molecule of Ca(ClO3)2 so M Ca ion is the same as M of the Ca(ClO3)2.
    You know there are two chlorate ions (ClO3^-) in one molecule of Ca(ClO3)2; therefore, concn of chlorate ion will be twice that of the molecule.

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