Geography

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How do the monsoons and the mountains influence the climate in South Asia? Include in your answer an analysis of how monsoons can be responsible for survival and hardship in this region.

Monsoons greatly influence the climate in South Asia. In the winter, the winds blow from the northeastto bring dry air from Asia's mainland to most of South Asia. However, in the summer the wind's direction switches, picks up moisture from the Indian Ocean, and drops heavy rain as they travel over the land. Since South Asia is hot and dry, this helps farmers survive. These monsoons are not always good, if it rains too hard areas face the danger of flooding.

The Himalayas are a very important relief for Southeast Asia. They block the cold Siberian winds which can stop Asia from becoming a cold desert. These mountains also block the southwest monsoon winds and prevent them from going away.


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