chemistry

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A 40 mL sample of 0.25 M NaCHOO is
titrated with 0.2 M HCl. What is the pH of the solution after 140 mL of HCl has been added?

  • chemistry -

    40 mL x 0.25M HCOONa = 10 mmoles.
    140 mL x 0.2M HCl = 28 mmoles.

    ..............HCOONa + HCl ==>HCOOH + NaCl
    begin.........10.......0........0
    change....... -10.....+28......+10...+10
    final..........0......+18.......+10..+10
    So your question is asking for the pH of 18 mmoles HCl + 10 mmoles HCOOH in (140mL + 40 mL = 180 mL). A good estimate is to ignore the HCOOH (much weaker than HCL) and you have 18 mmoles/180 mL = 0.1 M = pH of 1.0.
    If you want to do it up brown, you can calculate the amount of H^+ contributed by HCOOH (M = mmoles/mL = 10/180 =0.0556M) as follows (remember that the HCl provides a common ion (H^+) and that will shift the HCOOH ionization to the left and DECREASE the production of H^+ from the HCOOH source.):
    .............HCOOH ==> H^+ + HCOO^-.
    begin.......0.0556.....0.1....0
    change........-x.......+x.....+x
    final......0.00556-x....x......x
    (H^+)(HCOO^-)/(HCOOH) = Ka
    Look up Ka in your text or notes and solve for x. I have estimated it at about 1E-6 and that added to 0.1M is inconsequential.

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