posted by Jim .
Two straight and parallel wires of length 1.0 m carry a current - the first carries a currecnt of 9.0 A while the other wire carries a current of 4.0 A. What distance must separate the two straight and parallel copper wires if the force between them is to be 6.0 x 10-6 N?
Magnetic field created by the second wire:
Fm = IlBsinθ
This means the first wire will be in a magnetic field of 1.5*10-6 T.
B=μ I / 2π r
r= μ I / 2πB
The wires must be separated a distance of 1.2m.
Is this correct? thanks for your help.
I believe your formula is incorrect.
F/L = μ I1*I2/(2 pi r)
= 2*10^-7 * 36/(2*pi*r) = 6*10^-6 N
r = [1/(2 pi)]*6*10^-1
That is about 0.095 meters
Thanks a lot for your help, drwls. I just have one more problem. Why did you substitute (2*10-7) for μ. I thought μ= (4pi*10-7). If I substitute(4pi*10-7), my answer come out correct. Did you mean to cancel the 2pi in the numerator and denominator. Could you help me understand? Thanks again.