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Diethyl ether has a boiling point of 34.5C, and 1-butanol has a boiling point of 117C. Both of these compounds have the same numbers and types of atoms. Explain the difference in their boiling points.

The answer I found was that: only 1-butanol can form hydrogen bonds.

But I still don't get why that's the answer.

  • Chemistry -

    That is part of the answer, the other part is that diethyl ether is a symettrical molecule, with no net dipole formed.

    Hydrogen bonds make for strong intermolecular bonds, which take greater energy to break apart a molecule for it to transition to the vapor state.

  • Chemistry -

    Thank you for the help

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