English

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1. He painted the emperor a gold tree.
2. He painted a gold tree for the emperor.
3. He painted a gold tree to the emperor.

(Are they all grammatical? Which preposition do we have to use?)

4. Ma Liang kept painting.
(Ma Liang is a person's name. What is the part of speech of 'painting'? Is it 'a gerund' of 'a present participle'? Is 'painting' the subject complement or the object of the verb'kept'?)

  • English -

    #2 is the best. #1 may be grammatically correct, but at first glance "he painted the emperor!" #3 is incorrect.

    Here "painting" is the present participle of the verb "to paint."

    Sra

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