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Physics

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Consider the electric field created by a very long charged line of negative linear charge density -2.50 nC/m.

A small positive point charge of 8 mC moves from a distance of 9 cm to a distance of 17 cm.

How much work is done by the electric field?

Hint: The electric field for a long charged line is:

Express the result in the unit mJ and to three significant figures.

  • Physics -

    The Equation is E line = 1/(4piE0)(2lamda/r)

  • Physics -

    Since you have not provided the "hint", I used Gauss' Law to come up with

    2*pi*R*L*E = L*q/eo

    where eo is the coulomb's law constant "epsilon-zero" = 8.89^10^-12 N*m^2/C^2
    and q is the charge per unit length

    E(R) = q/(2 pi eo R)

    Multiply that by Q = 8 mC and integrate with dR from R = 0.09 to 0.17 m

    There should be a ln(17/8) term in the answer.

    The work done will be positive since Q is moving in the opposite direction from the attractive force

  • Physics -

    The hint is
    E line = 1/(4piE0)(2lamda/r)

    Are the answers the same even if I use Gauss' Law to come up with 2*pi*R*L*E = L*q/eo

  • Physics -

    Isn't the work negative, because this is a positive charge moving in the opposite direction of the electric field?

  • Physics -

    Positive work must be done in order to make a positive charge go opposite the direction of the electric field.
    F of Electric field----> <-- + F of Positive charge
    (If you did negative work, the positive charge would move in the direction of the field.)

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